Article 5318

Title of the article



Kulikova Evgeniya Gennad'evna, Candidate of biological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of plant breeding, seed production and plant biology, Penza State Agrarian University (30 Botanicheskaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail:
Efremova Saniya Yunusovna, Doctor of biological sciences, professor, sub-department of biotechnology and technosphere safety, Penza State Technological University (1a/11 Baydukova lane/Gagarina street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: 

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Background. The most part of tree breeds of the state protective forest belt White Kalitva – Penza on the site Kalininsk – Shirokiy Ustup is pollen. The aim of the research was to develop measures to improve the productivity of the forest apiary on the territory of the protective forest belt.
Materials and methods. The studies were carried out in the conditions of apiary economy, located on the site of the state protective forest belt with a length of 13,4 km (Russia, Saratov region, Kalinin district, village Shirokiy Ustup, 51°39' s.h. and 44°24' v.d.). To determine the honey productivity of the forest area within the radius of productive summer bees used the method of trial areas (2-fold repetition). The size of sample plots was 60×10 m (600 m2) over the width of the shelterbelt. The honey productivity of agricultural plants was calculated using the data of forestry regulations. The degree of participation of melliferous plants in the herbage of meadows, meadows and pastures carried out by the method of sample plots of size 0,5×0,5 m (0,25 m2) in 5-fold replication on each of the allocated portions of land. The species composition of honey plants, their flowering time and productivity
were determined by reference literature.
Results. In forestry suitable for beekeeping 1894 hectares of forest and nonforest land. The main source of honey collection is forest lands represented by the state protective forest belt, the productivity of which is 57,4 % of the total honey productivity. Common stock honey apiary in a radius of a productive summer bees totaled 10,89 t, useful – about 4,36 t. Analysis of effective use of the melliferous resources for the seasons of the year showed that in summer in the studied area can work only 68 colonies, in the spring – 23.
Conclusions. The possibility is shown to improve forage for bees in the spring and increase the stability of the daily bribe of bees by landing the white acacia trees on the banks and bottom of the lying near to the apiary neobmenennogo of the ravine with a length of 130 m. The gate of each of a number of tree plantings will increase by 4 apiary bee colonies. 

Key words

beekeeping, state protective forest belt, honey plants, improve forage bees, Robinia leachate 


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